Santorini, an idyllic Greek island in the Aegean Sea, is renowned for its breathtaking views, charming architecture, and unique wine production. The wine of Santorini is unlike any other, thanks to the island's volcanic soil, strong winds, and hot, dry climate. Here's everything you need to know about Santorini's wine:
The primary grape variety used in Santorini's wine production is Assyrtiko, a white grape that thrives in the island's conditions. Assyrtiko grapes grown in Santorini are known for their high acidity, minerality, and citrus notes. Santorini also produces other grape varieties, such as Aidani and Athiri for white wines and Mandilaria and Mavrotragano for red wines.
One of the unique features of Santorini's wine production is the practice of "basket pruning." This involves training the vines into a circular shape to protect the grapes from the strong winds. The vines are also planted close to the ground to protect them from the hot sun and retain moisture. This technique helps to produce grapes that are full of flavor and character.
Volcanic Soil Santorini's volcanic soil is another key factor in the unique character of its wine. The soil is mineral-rich and porous, which allows it to retain moisture even in the hot and dry climate. This soil type is ideal for growing grapes because it provides a nutrient-rich environment for the vines.
Strong Winds The strong winds that blow across Santorini are also an important factor in shaping the character of its wine. The winds help to protect the grapes from disease by keeping them dry and preventing the growth of mold and mildew. They also aid in the process of evaporation, which concentrates the flavor and aroma compounds in the grapes.
Wine Types Santorini produces a variety of wines, including dry white wine and sweet dessert wine. The dry white wine is crisp and dry, with high acidity and mineral notes. It pairs well with seafood and is an excellent accompaniment to many Mediterranean dishes. The sweet dessert wine, Vinsanto, is made from sun-dried grapes and has a rich, caramel-like flavor.
Overall, the wine of Santorini is highly regarded among wine enthusiasts for its unique character and quality. It is a must-try for anyone visiting the island and is the perfect souvenir to take home as a reminder of your trip. So, whether you're a wine lover or just someone who appreciates the finer things in life, be sure to sample some of Santorini's world-class wines on your next visit to the island.